Responsibilities of a Sterile Processing Technician

Sterile processing technicians from an online sterile processing technician course are essential to healthcare facilities. They play a critical role in upholding the safety of procedures. Professionals with SPT certification are responsible for ensuring that medical instruments and equipment are properly cleaned, sterilized, and maintained to avoid the dangers of contaminatedtools. 

Cleaning and Sterilization

The primary duty of sterile processing technicians is to clean and disinfect surgical instruments and other medical equipment. SPTs remove debris, blood, or other biological material from tools using specialized equipment and cleaning solutions. Then, they are properly sterilized to be free of any microorganisms that could cause harm to the patient or healthcare providers. 

Sterile processing technicians are trained to use various methods, such as steam, dry heat, and ethylene oxide. This depends on the type of instrument or equipment being sterilized.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Aside from cleaning and sterilizing instruments, sterile processing technicians are also responsible for maintaining and repairing medical equipment. This includes regular maintenance tasks such as lubricating and testing equipment. They are also responsible for troubleshooting whenissues arise during the use of the materials.

Equipment Management

Sterile processing techs also oversee the management of hospital equipment and instruments. With numerous medical procedures, a professional must be assigned to deliver medical devices to the right healthcare practitioners. Equipment management includes properly labeling and organizing objects for efficient use.


Prevention of spreading infections is observed with the help of sterile processing technicians. This is critical to medical settings,especially in surgeries where patients are at increased risk of disease due to invasive procedures.

SPT has multiple key responsibilities that ensure the safety and viability of medical procedures. They clean and sterilize equipment for medical use and help ensure they function properly. This helps improve patient outcomes by giving healthcare providers access to reliable, well-maintained equipment.

Learn more about sterile processing technicians by reading this infographic by Martinson College, a trusted SPT training institution.